We keep small grains in stock most of the year to use in hay and forage situations, for cover crops, and in cash crop situations. With the small grain varieties now available, a grower is certain to find one that works best in his/her management practices.
Shelby 427 Spring Oats. Shelby 427, when compared to Jerry and Reeves, has superior grain yield, test weight, cown rust and lodging resistance. It has a medium plant height and an early medium maturity. It also has a high groat percentage, very good stem rust and barley yellow dwarf virus resistance. Shelby 427 has been a very reliable variety both as a forage producer and grain yield.
Cereal Grain Rye. Rye is the most winter-hardy of all cereal grains, tolerating temperatures as low as -30OF once it is well established. It can germinate and grow at temperatures as low as 33OF and withstand frought better than other cereal grains. Compared to other cereal grains, rye grows faster in the fall and produces more dry matter the following spring.
Triticale. Triticale is a highly versatile cereal forage for grazing, silage, hay or as a cover crop. Created by combining wheat and rye into a new species, triticale combines the advantages of both parent species for grain and forage. It develops rapidly in the spring for high quantity and high-quality silage or hay.
Barley. Barley does an excellent job of preventing erosion, suppressing weeds, building organic matter, and scavenging for nutrients. Barley is a quick source of abundant biomass that, along with its thick root system, can improve soil structure and water infiltration. Being both easy to grow and terminate, barley provides exceptional erosion control and weed suppression in
lighter soils. Barley has an upright posture and relatively open canopy that makes it a fine nurse crop for establishing a forage stand. Spring barley varieties will not overwinter.
Wheat. Although typically grown as a cash grain, winter wheat can provide a grazing option prior to spring tiller elongation. It’s less likely than barley or rye to become a weed ans is easier to kill. Wheat also is slower to mature than some cereals, so there is no rush to kill it early in spring.
Please give us a call for more ideas on how to use small grains.